Home > Engineering > Chemical Engineering > Volume-3 > Issue-5 > Statistical Optimization of Synthetic Soda Ash for Water Softening

Statistical Optimization of Synthetic Soda Ash for Water Softening

Call for Papers

Volume-5 | Issue-5

Last date : 27-Aug-2021

Best International Journal
Open Access | Peer Reviewed | Best International Journal | Indexing & IF | 24*7 Support | Dedicated Qualified Team | Rapid Publication Process | International Editor, Reviewer Board | Attractive User Interface with Easy Navigation

Journal Type : Open Access

Processing Charges : 700/- INR Only OR 25 USD (for foreign users)

First Update : Within 7 Days after submittion

Submit Paper Online

For Author

Research Area



Statistical Optimization of Synthetic Soda Ash for Water Softening


Su Mon Tun | May Myat Khine | Khin Thidar Cho



Su Mon Tun | May Myat Khine | Khin Thidar Cho "Statistical Optimization of Synthetic Soda Ash for Water Softening" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019, pp.1805-1812, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd27841.pdf

Synthesized soda ash was prepared by Solvay process with different molar ratio for application of water softening process. In urban utilization, water supply is very important for safe condition. In this research, Box-Behnken experimental design was employed for optimization of soda ash. The maximum yield percent of 19.882 % of soda ash was obtained by the reaction salt to ammonium hydroxide to carbon dioxide (1:3:6.8) during the reaction time 90 min. The synthesized soda ash was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Soda ash obtained from optimum condition was applied in water softening of tap water. According to the experimental results of water softening process, the maximum removal of hardness of water was observed at 3 ml of 10 % lime solution with 20 ml of 5 % of soda ash solution for 1000 ml of water. After treated the lime-soda process, the total hardness of water was reduced to initial condition of 255 ppm to 24 ppm.

Soda Ash, Optimization, Solvay, Water Softening, Total Hardness


IJTSRD27841
Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019
1805-1812
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

Thomson Reuters
Google Scholer
Academia.edu

ResearchBib
Scribd.com
archive

PdfSR
issuu
Slideshare

WorldJournalAlerts
Twitter
Linkedin