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Effect of Some Tree Species in Nutrient Enrichment of Semi-Arid Soil and Their Influence on Growth and Yield of Potted Maize in Borno State, Nigeria

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Effect of Some Tree Species in Nutrient Enrichment of Semi-Arid Soil and Their Influence on Growth and Yield of Potted Maize in Borno State, Nigeria


Hajara Ibrahim Mustapha | Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh



Hajara Ibrahim Mustapha | Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh "Effect of Some Tree Species in Nutrient Enrichment of Semi-Arid Soil and Their Influence on Growth and Yield of Potted Maize in Borno State, Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019, pp.19-23, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd25229.pdf

The effect of Balanites aegyptiaca, Faidherbia albida, and Tamarindus indica in nutrient enrichment of semi- arid soil and their influence on growth and yield of potted maize was investigated in university of Maiduguri campus with the objectives of evaluating the impact of the tree species on soil fertility and the distance at which the trees could supply nutrients to the soil. An experiment was conducted to test the influence of the trees on potted maize growth and yield. A total of 63 soil samples were collected before and after rainy season at varying distances of 30 cm, 60 cm, and 90 cm and at a depth of 15 cm. The first set of twenty-seven samples were collected in May 2014 before rainy season and were compared with soil after rainy season. The second set of 36 samples were collected under and outside tree canopies in October 2014 after rainy season. The collected samples were analysed for pH, N, EC, P, K, Na, Ca, Mg, and CEC following standard laboratory techniques. Potted maize experiment was conducted in completely randomized block design for eighteen weeks. The result showed that organic matter, nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium was significant at (p<0.05) at all distances before and after rainy season. Soil pH were found to be significant across the distance and are mainly neutral both before and after rainy season. The soil textural class were also significant at (p<0.01) between species and across the distances. Soil under and outside canopy showed that F.albida had the highest value of nitrogen 0.31g/kg and lower value of 0.15g/kg with control treatment at distance of 30 cm. At distance 0f 60 cm F.albida had the higher value of N 0.32g/kg and lower value 0.16g/kg with control treatment. Phosphorus was significantly higher under B.aegyptiaca 14.5g/kg at distance of 30cm, lower value of 3.73g/kg under T.indica. At distance of 60 cm T. Indica had the higher value of P 6.30g/kg, lower value 4.39g/kg with control treatment. F.albida had the higher value of potassium 5.09cmol/kg, lower value 0.68cmol/kg with control treatment at distance of 30 cm.T.indica had higher value of 2.34cmol/kg, lower value 0.60cmol/kg under control treatment at distance of 60 cm and B.aegyptiaca had 0.52cmol/kg, lower under T.indica 0.38cmol/kg at 90 cm distance. Calcium were significant at (p<0.01) across the distances and between species. Maize crop grown in soil under F.albida had higher grain yield of 161.2g and control treatment had lower value of 19.97g. Maize crop grown in soil under F. albida and T.indica had better growth and yield. The result suggest that F.albida and T.indica are important agroforestry resource to sustain soil fertility and subsequently crop yield. F.lbida and T. indica could be the best choice to integrate into farming system in semi-arid zone.

semi-arid, influence on growth, yield of potted maize, effects of some tree species, Borno state, nutrient enrichment


IJTSRD25229
Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019
19-23
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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