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Beyond Scotton’s Matrix Language Frame Model: A Look into Some Bassa-French Code-Switched Discourse Samples

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Beyond Scotton’s Matrix Language Frame Model: A Look into Some Bassa-French Code-Switched Discourse Samples


Mbeng Sampson Tambe



Mbeng Sampson Tambe "Beyond Scotton’s Matrix Language Frame Model: A Look into Some Bassa-French Code-Switched Discourse Samples" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019, pp.925-932, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd26561.pdf

This article sets out to parse code-switched discourse samples involving Bassa and French, using the Matrix Language Frame Model proposed by Scotton. The model is based on the assumption that in code-switching, there must be a dominant language referred to as the Matrix Language (ML) and a gap filler language referred to as the Embedded Language (EL). It is further claimed in this model that the ML is always the first language of the speaker, who code-switches, and also the dominant language in the linguistic environment where code-switching occurs. The model was applied to two codes: Swahili-English, and French-Arabic. In the present article, the endeavor is to find out how Scotton’s model unravels code-switching in a multilingual context where three or four codes may be involved in modules considered to be two codes at surface level. The endeavor is also to find out how the model sorts out the dominant language, i.e. the Matrix Language in Code-switched discourse samples with a 50/50 morpheme split. It has equally been argued in the present contribution that discourse dominance or the morpheme frequency criterion is not the only variable to be used to predict, and carve out the ML in switched or mixed discourse. There are, indeed, switched data where focus prevails over morpheme dominance.RÉSUMÉCet article a pour but d’analyser des exemples de mélange de codes impliquant le Bassa et le français en se servant du modèle proposé par Scotton, lequel porte sur l’ossature de productions orales entremêlées. Selon ce modèle, dans chaque mélange de codes, il y a nécesssairement une langue dominante appelée la Matrice, et une langue secondaire, celle des éléments enchasés. Le modèle soutient ,en outre, que la matrice est toujours la première langue de l’individu qui procède au mélange de codes, et aussi la langue la plus en vue dans la communauté linguistique où le mélange de codes s’effectue. Ce modèle a été testé sur deux codes: le Swahili et l’anglais, et l’arabe et le français. Dans le présent article, notre souci est de voir comment le modèle proposé par Scotton traite la question du mélange de codes dans un context multilingue où trois voire quatre codes peuvent être impliqués dans des modules considérés comme deux codes du point de vue de la surface. Notre souci est aussi de voir comment le modèle de Scotton parvient à dégager la langue dominante, c’est-à-dire la matrice dans les productions orales entremêlées où le même nombre de morphèmes est enregistré dans les deux langues ou codes mélangés . La présente contribution se propose aussi d’émettre l’idée selon laquelle la matrice d’une production orale mêlée ne se diétecte pas seulement sur la base de la dominance morphologique, mais aussi et parfois sur le focus de la production.

Scotton’s Matrix, Language Frame Model, Bassa-French Code-Switched Discourse Samples


IJTSRD26561
Volume-3 | Issue-5, August 2019
925-932
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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