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A Study on Food Habits and Social Habits as Risk Factors among Patients Undergoing Percatenous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)

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A Study on Food Habits and Social Habits as Risk Factors among Patients Undergoing Percatenous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)


Mrs. Meena Kumari | Mrs. Y. V. Phani Kumari | Gwyneth Madhulika Bashapaga | Ittamala Jaya Rachel

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd23372



Mrs. Meena Kumari | Mrs. Y. V. Phani Kumari | Gwyneth Madhulika Bashapaga | Ittamala Jaya Rachel "A Study on Food Habits and Social Habits as Risk Factors among Patients Undergoing Percatenous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3, April 2019, pp.1423-1432, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23372.pdf

AIM: A study on food habits and social habits as risk factors among patients undergoing Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) OBJECTIVE: To know the association of food habits and social habits as risk factors for PTCA. ? To observe various co-morbidities among the patients ? To study the bio-chemical parameters in patients such as heamoglobin, PVC, platelet count, bilirubin levels. ? To observe various social habits in the patient, such as smoking and alcohol consumption. ? Food consumption pattern. METHODOLOGY: The sample population [n = 60] of 28-80 years of age were chosen from a multi speciality hospital in Hyderabad. All the patients were of different age groups, sex, socio-economic status, ethnicity with different co-morbidities. A pre-tested format consisting of patients profile, subjective data, objective data, biochemical data, medications and 24 hour dietary recall followed by medical nutrition therapy during the hospital stay. RESULTS: Among [n=60] subjects from 28-80 years of age, the detailed study identified the common risk factors with respect to cardiovascular diseases. The study showed a higher percentage of age from 28-70 years and is mostly in males. Majority of the patients are with increased BMI and are alcholics/smokers. Obesity, Hypertension and Diabetes are predominant and dietary patterns recorded are mostly non-vegetarians with high calorie, high fat and high protein consumption. CONCLUSION: From the result it is very clear that majority of the patients studied with cardiovascular diseases belong to the age group 28-70 years and is mostly seen in males. Majority of them are accompanied with co-morbidities with obesity, hypertension and diabetic. And predominantly follow a high calorie and high fat diet .Thus leading to a conclusion that consumption of high calorie and high fat food, presence of co-morbidities and smoking could be the risk factors of PTCA.

Cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular surgery – PTCA, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, alcoholism, smoking and diet- high fat food.


IJTSRD23372
Volume-3 | Issue-3, April 2019
1423-1432
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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