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Electrolyte Imbalance in CKD Patients

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Electrolyte Imbalance in CKD Patients


Suraj Kumar Singh | Hulsi Sahu | Atul Verma

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd15802



Suraj Kumar Singh | Hulsi Sahu | Atul Verma "Electrolyte Imbalance in CKD Patients" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-5, August 2018, pp.232-235, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd15802.pdf

The primary function of the kidney is to maintain fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Each day the kidney must excrete 1500 ml of water and any excess ingested sodium, potassium, magnesium and phosphate. The kidney also plays a key role in calcium homeostasis. Of the total number of patients in intensive care 3–25% will develop acute renal failure and patients with chronic renal disease will frequently present for surgery. The treatments for renal dysfunction may themselves cause disturbance in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, particularly the use of diuretics and renal replacement therapy. Loss of normal renal function may lead to major changes in fluid and sodium balance. Volume status assessment will be required in patients with renal dysfunction because they are at risk of both hypovolaemia and hypervolaemia. Loss of renal function will lead to retention of potassium and magnesium with serious systemic and cardiovascular consequences including cardio respiratory compromise and collapse and cardiac dysrhythmias. Hypocalcaemia will result from reduced renal calcitriol production and phosphate retention. The identification of fluid and electrolyte imbalances and the management of clinically significant changes are required when treating patients with renal dysfunction on an intensive care unit or who present for anaesthesia.

calcium, dysfunction, electrolyte, failure, fluid, kidney, magnesium, potassium, renal, sodium


IJTSRD15802
Volume-2 | Issue-5, August 2018
232-235
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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