Home > Medicine > Veterinary Medicine > Volume-5 > Issue-4 > Ovicidal and Larvicidal Effects of Crude Ethanolic Extracts of Acanthus Montanus (Acanthaceae) on Heligmosomoides Bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae)

Ovicidal and Larvicidal Effects of Crude Ethanolic Extracts of Acanthus Montanus (Acanthaceae) on Heligmosomoides Bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae)

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Last date : 26-Oct-2021

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Ovicidal and Larvicidal Effects of Crude Ethanolic Extracts of Acanthus Montanus (Acanthaceae) on Heligmosomoides Bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae)


D. O. Oshadu | J. O. Ajanusi | P. N. Chiezey | M. S. Abubakar | M. Adamu | A. W. Adanu | G.A.I. Dogo



D. O. Oshadu | J. O. Ajanusi | P. N. Chiezey | M. S. Abubakar | M. Adamu | A. W. Adanu | G.A.I. Dogo "Ovicidal and Larvicidal Effects of Crude Ethanolic Extracts of Acanthus Montanus (Acanthaceae) on Heligmosomoides Bakeri (Nematoda, Heligmosomatidae)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-5 | Issue-4, June 2021, pp.1646-1649, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd43719.pdf

Objective: An in vitro study was carried out to determine the ovicidal and larvicidal activity of crude ethanolic extracts of Acanthus montanus (Acanthaceae) leaves on the eggs and the third larval (L3) stage of Heligmosomoides bakeri. Methods: Four different concentrations of the extracts (by serial dilution from 1,000 mg/mL to 125 mg/mL) were compared with albendazole as the positive control (serially diluted from the recommended dose of 15 mg/mL to 1.875mg/mL) and distilled water serving as the negative control respectively, in the bioassay. The extract activity was dose-dependent. Results: At 250 mg/mL, there was 100% inhibition of egg hatch comparable to albendazole at 7.5 mg/mL. There was zero percent inhibition of eggs in the distilled water control culture. The activity of the extracts on the L3 larvae shows that at the concentration of 125 mg/mL, the larvicidal effect was 100%, one-hour post treatment compared to albendazole at 15 mg/mL (97.51%). However, the negative control showed an increase in Larvicidal activity from 22.5% to 40% in one hour and fifteen hours respectively. Conclusion: It was therefore, concluded that crude ethanolic extracts of Acanthus montanus leaf has significant ovicidal and larvicidal properties against Heligmosomoides bakeri egg and third larval stage.

Acanthus montanus; extract; Heligmosomoides bakeri; larvicidal, ovicidal


IJTSRD43719
Volume-5 | Issue-4, June 2021
1646-1649
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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