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Occipital Knob-Morphological Variations in Human Dried Skulls and Clinical Perspectives

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Volume-6 | Issue-5

Last date : 27-Aug-2022

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Occipital Knob-Morphological Variations in Human Dried Skulls and Clinical Perspectives


Dr. Neelima. P | Dr. R. Ravi Sunder



Dr. Neelima. P | Dr. R. Ravi Sunder "Occipital Knob-Morphological Variations in Human Dried Skulls and Clinical Perspectives" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-5 | Issue-6, October 2021, pp.247-249, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd46377.pdf

Prominent external occipital protuberance is called occipital knob or spur or occipital bun. Though it was a persistent feature of early modern Europeans, it is extremely rare in the present modern era. Occipital spur was found to be one of the characteristic features of the ancestral Neanderthal trait. Variant anatomy of occipital region forms differential diagnosis in conditions associated with unexplained occipital pain. The present study has been done to evaluate the different morphological forms of occipital knobs. 56 skulls including partial and complete skulls were examined in the department of Anatomy. Broken and incomplete skulls were excluded from the study. 5 (8.92%) skulls were found to exhibit different forms of occipital knobs. 3 skulls had type 1(flat) occipital knob. Type 2 (crest) and type 3 (spine) variants have been observed in one skull each. An inca bone was found coincidentally in a skull with flat type of occipital knob which also had three accessory emissary foramina located near foramen magnum. The skull with crest type of occipital knob had two accessory emissary foramina-at the external occipital crest and near foramen magnum. Knowledge of variant occipital knobs is an example of application of basic sciences in clinical correlation, one of the goals of the new competency based medical education. Though asymptomatic, discomfort in the occipital region due to occipital spur has to be notified in the differential diagnosis. When symptomatic it could be one of the etiology of occipital headache, mandating surgical excision. To conclude, our study presents occipital knob which is a rare variant of occipital bone near external occipital protuberance that exhibited three forms- flat, crest and spine. Coincidentally inca bone and accessory emissary foramina near foramen magnum also have been observed.

Enlarged external occipital protuberance, occipital knob, occipital pain, accessory emissary foramina


IJTSRD46377
Volume-5 | Issue-6, October 2021
247-249
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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