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Swach Bharat Abhiyan: Challenges and Prospects

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Swach Bharat Abhiyan: Challenges and Prospects


Ashmi V. G



Ashmi V. G "Swach Bharat Abhiyan: Challenges and Prospects" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-3, April 2020, pp.335-339, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd30432.pdf

Swach Bharat Abhiyan, it means that clean India mission it is a national level campaign launched by the Government of India on 2nd October 2014 to accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage. It is a major step towards the protection of degrading environment. The important objects of the mission include elimination of open defecation, conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging and above all to bring about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices. It also ensures public participation in achieving these objectives. The campaign aims to achieve its objectives on 2019 as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary. The important objective of the SBM is that to improve the level of cleanliness and to make open defecation free. Swach Bharat mission has had the biggest domino effect in the world. Because it has addressed the centuries old practices on open defecation and it has had major health and economic impact. According to reports, 11 states are now open defecation free namely Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Gujarat, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Meghalaya. India, which had sanitation coverage of mere 41.92 per cent in 2014 has increased its coverage to 63.94 per cent, and this improvement is being viewed as a major success of the campaign. More than 3.5 crore toilets have been built under the mission in two years compared 83 lakh toilets built in 10 years between 2001 and 2011 under the Total Sanitation Campaign, as per the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Not only is it a sharp increase in the number of toilets built under any national sanitation programme, but the pace of constructing toilets under Swach Bharat has been speedier as well. Nearing three years of completion, the campaign has now also laid its focus on the other aspects of sanitation such as behavioral change, piped water supply to toilets and drainage. However, it has been clearly declared that the campaign is not only the duty of the government but each and every citizen of the country is equally responsible to keep the nation clean or swatch.

Swach Bharat Abhiyan,campaign ,open defecation ,cleanliness,Central rural sanitation program ,Total sanitation campaign ,manual scavenging


IJTSRD30432
Volume-4 | Issue-3, April 2020
335-339
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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