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Direct Versus Indirect Colonial Rule in India: Long-Term Consequences with Special Reference in Tamil Nadu

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Direct Versus Indirect Colonial Rule in India: Long-Term Consequences with Special Reference in Tamil Nadu


J. Rajeskumar | Dr. R. Christal Jeeva



J. Rajeskumar | Dr. R. Christal Jeeva "Direct Versus Indirect Colonial Rule in India: Long-Term Consequences with Special Reference in Tamil Nadu" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-6 | Issue-5, August 2022, pp.2088-2092, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd51780.pdf

This paper compares economic outcomes across areas in India that were under direct British colonial rule with areas that were under indirect colonial rule. Controlling for selective annexation using a specific policy rule, I find that areas that experienced direct rule have significantly lower levels of access to schools, health centers, and roads in the postcolonial period. I find evidence that the quality of governance in the colonial period has a significant and persistent effect on postcolonial outcomes.

The Doctrine of Lapse, the direct influence, olitically aware Indians British. Rule


IJTSRD51780
Volume-6 | Issue-5, August 2022
2088-2092
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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