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Understanding the Institution of Syiemship(Kingship) in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya Through Oral Traditions

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Understanding the Institution of Syiemship(Kingship) in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya Through Oral Traditions


Ms Ibetlin Kharumnuid

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd12792



Ms Ibetlin Kharumnuid "Understanding the Institution of Syiemship(Kingship) in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya Through Oral Traditions" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-3, April 2018, pp.2590-2593, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd12792.pdf

The origin of the Khasis and how they came to settled in these regions is shrouded in mystery. While social scientists believed that the Khasi settlers had connections or a close resemblance with the Chinese and had migrated to the present lands and therefore had Austric links, legends had it that the original seven families or Hynniewtrep descended by a golden ladder from the heavens and decided to stay back on earth and start their settlements. Since the beginning the people were very sure about making these hills their permanent home. They decided upon an elderly person to become some sort of a priest (Lyngdoh Knia) to look after the well-being of the people inhabiting the region. For this selection, the ritual of egg breaking (shat pylleng) was considered to be the best way by which they could find the right person. In the beginning, there was no institution of Syiemship (Kingship), but people comprehended about the need to have at least one leader to look after their welfare. Basan and a Lyngdoh were chosen as leaders to administer the village community and attempted to bring the different villages together. After the Khasis had made their settlements, they decided they would choose among themselves the eldest male member to be their ruler and administrator, the emergence of such States or settlements led to the origin of the institution of Syiemship(Kingship), thus originated the concept of U Syiem (The King). The origin of the Khasi Syiem shows that initially there were three large Syiemships(Kingship) which later increases over time with large and small Syiemships. Syiemships having mythological origin like those of Khyrim, Malngaing and even the Sutnga Syiem were considered divine. The institution of the Khyrim Syiemship dates back to the legend of Ka-Pah-Syntiew. Oral traditions stated that the Hima Shyllong as being of divine origin, and that the ancestress of the clan is a fairy (Puriblei) that lived in a cave called Krem Marai.

Khasis, Basan, Lyngdoh, U Syiem(The King), Ka-Pah-Syntiew, Puriblei


IJTSRD12792
Volume-2 | Issue-3, April 2018
2590-2593
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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