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Prevalence and Pattern of Handwriting Difficulties among School Going Children

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Prevalence and Pattern of Handwriting Difficulties among School Going Children


Kiran Sharma | Kaaynat Khan



Kiran Sharma | Kaaynat Khan "Prevalence and Pattern of Handwriting Difficulties among School Going Children" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-4, June 2020, pp.1378-1383, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd31519.pdf

School students spend up to one-half of their school day in performing handwriting and other paper-pencil tasks. Handwriting difficulties can significantly affect the child progress in the classroom and lead to academic underachievement. Limited data exists in India regarding the Handwriting difficulties among school students. Hence the study was set out to find out the Prevalence and Pattern of Handwriting difficulties among school children. A convenience sample of 1296 students was taken from the regular schools in south Delhi, India. Both boys and girls of 7-12 years old, attending school in a regular educational environment were included. The mean age of children was 9.15±1.89 years and ranged from 2nd to 6th grade. Children were screened out for handwriting deficiency using Handwriting proficiency screening questionnaire and based on HPSQ scores children were divided into Non-proficient and proficient groups. The handwriting pattern of the students in the non-proficient group was assessed using the Test of handwriting skill- Revised. It was found that out of 1296 students, 854 (66%) students had Proficient handwriting and 442 (34%) students had non-proficient handwriting. The mean HPSQ score of the Non-proficient group was 11.21±1.18 and the Proficient group was 23.6±6.33. Result also showed the negative correlation between the Writing speed and legibility (r= -0.94). From the result, we concluded that the prevalence of handwriting difficulties among the school children was 34%. Overall 67% of boys and 33% of girls had handwriting difficulties. The students with handwriting difficulties showed difficulties with Writing speed, Letter reversal, and Spacing.

Academic performance, Child development, Handwriting, Manuscript, Students


IJTSRD31519
Volume-4 | Issue-4, June 2020
1378-1383
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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