Home > Humanities and the Arts > Education > Volume-3 > Issue-2 > The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaoundé: A Retrospective Study

The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaoundé: A Retrospective Study

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The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaoundé: A Retrospective Study


Ekwale Emilia Ada


https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd20277


Ekwale Emilia Ada "The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaoundé: A Retrospective Study" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2, February 2019, pp.186-193, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20277.pdf

In this study, the distribution of human stool parasites with respect to gender and age was reviewed in a retrospective and descriptive study. Patient’s records over two years (1995 and 1996) were reviewed at the Biyem – Assi District Hospital in Yaoundé. During the study period, 1387 patients suspected to have been suffering from intestinal parasites according to their symptoms had their stools analyzed in the laboratory of this hospital. The objectives of the study were: 1. To investigate whether the global prevalence of intestinal parasites is below 50% 2. To investigate whether the positive cases of intestinal parasites are lower than the negative cases. 3. To investigate whether mates haves higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of intestinal parasites is higher in adolescents especially between the ages of 11 – 15 years. 5. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa is Entamoeba histolytica and whether the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is higher in males than in females and whether the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is higher in females than in males. 7. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages 0 – 15 years is Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 – 15 years are Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. To investigate whether there is the existence of associations between human intestinal helminthes; between human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes and protozoa. The hypotheses stated in the null form were: 1. The global prevalence of intestinal parasites is not below 50%. 2. The positives cases of intestinal parasites are not lower than the negative cases. 3. The males do not have a higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. The prevalence of human intestinal parasites is not high in adolescents between the ages of 11 – 15 years. 5. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is not Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. The prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is lower in males than in females and the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is lower in females than in males. 7. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages of 0 – 15 years is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 – 15 years are not Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. There are no associations between human intestinal helminthes/human intestinal helminthes; between human intestinal protozoa/human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes /human intestinal protozoa

Distribution, Human intestinal parasites, Gender, Age, District hospital setting, Retrospective study, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba coli, Trichomonas intestinalis, Giardia intestinalis, Ascaris lumbricoides , Trichuris trichiura, Ankylostoma duodenale, Hymenolepis nana, Ascaridiosis


IJTSRD20277
Volume-3 | Issue-2, February 2019
186-193
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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