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Situational Analysis of Diet and Nutritional Profile of 21 to 70 Years Urban Population with Respect to BMD Impact

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Situational Analysis of Diet and Nutritional Profile of 21 to 70 Years Urban Population with Respect to BMD Impact


Dr. Bhavana Y. Chauhan

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd2264



Dr. Bhavana Y. Chauhan "Situational Analysis of Diet and Nutritional Profile of 21 to 70 Years Urban Population with Respect to BMD Impact" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-1 | Issue-5, August 2017, pp.188-192, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd2264.pdf

The study was planned to determine Bone health in urban population-middle-aged and older people, to assess nutrition knowledge, attitude and behaviour of urban population in relation to bone health, to conduct a BMD test to find the excess of demineralization and to investigate the nutrient intake of urban population in relation to their calcium status by Food frequency and 24 hour Diet Recall method. Total 70 subjects (32 male and 38 female) were randomly selected from hospital of urban Ahmedabad city who were in between of 21 to 70 years age group. The study results revealed that aanthropometric measurements showed that majority of the subjects had BMI 25-29.9 indicating overweight. The bone mineral density test showed de-mineralization in about 77% of the subjects. 100% of the subjects were leading sedentary life which may be the cause of low bone mineral density. The maximum number of subjects (31%, N=22) who showed de- mineralization were found in the age group 31-40 years. The food frequency result showed poor consumption of green leafy vegetables (100% of subjects showed non-frequent consumption of green leafy vegetables) and poor consumption of fruits (100% of the subjects showed non-frequent consumption of Vitamin A Rich and Vitamin C Rich Fruits and only 64% showed frequent consumption of Calcium Rich Fruits). The result showed that the mean energy and protein intake of subjects was found to be low as compared to RDA. As per ICMR calcium requirement about 151% was met in case of male subjects and 136% fulfilment in case of female subjects but 60%-90% RDA could be met in case of adults and elderly subjects when looked into WHO calcium requirement. The result showed that the major source of calcium in diet was Milk & Milk Products with 90% consumption of milk and low consumption of Milk products among the subjects. Thus this study concluded that the result has revealed the sedentary life style and low calcium intake may affect Bone Mineral Density.

Body Mass Index, Bone mineral Density, Diet, Calcium Intake


IJTSRD2264
Volume-1 | Issue-5, August 2017
188-192
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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