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Desalination Approach of Seawater and Brackish Water by Coconut Shell Activated Carbon as a Natural Filter Method

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Desalination Approach of Seawater and Brackish Water by Coconut Shell Activated Carbon as a Natural Filter Method


Jayaprakash M C | Poorvi Shetty | Raju Aedla | D V Reddy

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd19123



Jayaprakash M C | Poorvi Shetty | Raju Aedla | D V Reddy "Desalination Approach of Seawater and Brackish Water by Coconut Shell Activated Carbon as a Natural Filter Method" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | International Conference on Advanced Engineering and Information Technology, November 2018, pp.129-135, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19123.pdf

Engineers are challenged to develop cost effective ways to produce large quantities of water suitable for drinking, crop irrigation and commercial use for regions of the world that suffer from water shortages. Water desalination is expensive, requiring large amounts of energy and specialized equipment to convert saltwater into drinking water. The present study aims to develop a cheaper, cleaner, easy and more energy-efficient way of desalinating seawater technique by using natural filters, it can help the common people as it affordable during their immediate requirements. The developed technique seemed to be very effective in reducing the concentration of seawater ions. The desalination system is developed by selecting coconut-shell charcoal as the substrate material. As per the results obtained from prototype of seawater and brackish water, there is 60% reduction in chloride and 75% reduction in sodium; this is mainly due to the usage of activated carbon charcoal as the filter media. It is also observed through experiments that there is 100% reduction in iron,53% reduction in sulphate, 20% reduction in total dissolved solids and 12% reduction in hardness which clearly indicates that the selected filter medias those are activated carbon charcoal, sand, laterite would be used as the filter medias for future experiments on desalination using natural filters.This work is to present an overview of current and future technologies applied to the desalination of brackish as well as seawater to produce freshwater for supplementing drinking water supplies to the common people in smaller quantity. Removal efficiency increases with the increase in contact time respectively, for both seawater and brackish water, which was considered to be maximum purification ~40%.

Desalination, Seawater/Brackish water, Activated Carbon, Coconut Charcoal, Eco-friendly.


IJTSRD19123
Special Issue | International Conference on Advanced Engineering and Information Technology, November 2018
129-135
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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