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Municipal Solid Waste and its Management (A Study on Varanasi City)

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Municipal Solid Waste and its Management (A Study on Varanasi City)

Shubham Varshney | Dr. Bharat Nagar


Shubham Varshney | Dr. Bharat Nagar "Municipal Solid Waste and its Management (A Study on Varanasi City)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-4, June 2018, pp.1914-1918, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd14494.pdf

The main aim of this research is to find out the status of municipal solid waste generation and its composition along with the relationship of economic condition of different inhabitants with per capita of waste composition in Varanasi, the most crowded city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Municipal Solid waste (MSW) is a heterogeneous in composition and varied from place to place. Increasing population levels as well as rapid economic growth and rise in living standard of people speeded the generation rate of municipal solid waste in metropolitan cities of India. The objective of this paper is to providing an insight of the stages of waste management i.e. Prevention, Minimization, Recycle, Reuse, Energy recovery, Disposal and its composition and amount in order to improve the current solid waste management practice of Varanasi municipality and also to provides a further insight of feasibility and aids of adopting segregation at source and decentralization of solid waste management in order to provide better future. Research data is gathered from preliminary field investigation, questionnaire survey and face to face interview which show that with population of around 11,98,491[1]waste generated is 593TPD which comprises of food waste (29.6%), followed by plastic (18%), paper & cardboard (12.8%), textile (8.5%), rubber & leather ( 5.7% ), bulk waste ( 9.6%) metal (2.8%) other (5.7%). Since about 15% ( nearly 80 ton ) of compost is produced from an average of 500-600 metric ton which is sold at Rs.1,000 per ton if decentralization and segregation of waste at its generation point is done effectively it would be sold at Rs.415 per ton result in better standard of living society . out of 593 TPD waste only nearly 350 TPD which would lead to dispose much less amount then current scenario as a result reduction in GHGs emission and lead to creation of safe environment. Thus on the basis of above research we can conclude that solid waste management and recycling a major issue of Varanasi district and with proper segregation and decentralization of solid waste we can reuse and recycle various kind of waste depending upon nature of waste. As a result less amount of waste need to be disposed which further lead to reduction of greenhouse gas emission and thus would help to lower down carbon footprint.


Volume-2 | Issue-4, June 2018
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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