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Energy Harvesting Alternatives for Powering Critical WSN-Based and Autonomous Monitoring Systems

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Energy Harvesting Alternatives for Powering Critical WSN-Based and Autonomous Monitoring Systems


Fidelis C. Obodoeze | Ndidi Fidelia Ugwoke | Edith Angela Ugwu



Fidelis C. Obodoeze | Ndidi Fidelia Ugwoke | Edith Angela Ugwu "Energy Harvesting Alternatives for Powering Critical WSN-Based and Autonomous Monitoring Systems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-6, October 2019, pp.722-727, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd29131.pdf

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications in the industry, domestic and commercial sectors are becoming quite interesting and exciting. For instance, since January 2005, major International Oil and Gas companies (IOCs) operating in Nigeria Niger Delta region have made wireless sensor network the defacto monitoring system for their vast oil and gas pipelines, oil wells and other facilities. This is because wireless technology has vast advantages over their wired counterpart. Despite the interest generated by the varied advantage of wireless sensor nodes in the oil and gas industry and other sectors, the biggest challenge lie in the limited battery energy of these tiny wireless sensor nodes. Battery energy of the wireless sensors are so limited that it will take maximum of one year to deplete and that will require massive replacements of the batteries so that the network will still be functional. This is almost impossible or very costly for a field of thousands or millions of wireless sensor nodes. This paper will examine the possibility of harvesting ambient or environmental energy sources such as RF, solar, piezoelectric, thermal etc to store and power these wireless sensor nodes so that the need for massive battery replacements will be avoided and costs saved.

WSN, energy harvesting, battery, OIC, Niger Delta, battery energy, wireless sensor network. Piezoelectric, TEG, solar, kinetic, super capacitor, thin film battery, vibration, harvester, Power harvester


IJTSRD29131
Volume-3 | Issue-6, October 2019
722-727
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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