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Estimating Nigerian Power System Post Contingency Line Flows Using Power Distribution Factors

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Estimating Nigerian Power System Post Contingency Line Flows Using Power Distribution Factors


Emmanuel. A. Anazia | Onyedikachi N. Samuel` | Obroh O. Rebecca

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd18854



Emmanuel. A. Anazia | Onyedikachi N. Samuel` | Obroh O. Rebecca "Estimating Nigerian Power System Post Contingency Line Flows Using Power Distribution Factors" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-6, October 2018, pp.1287-1305, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18854.pdf

At the point of convergence of any power system AC load flow iterative method, the principal bus parameters necessary to compute the transmission line flows and losses are provided. The exactness and accuracy of the result depends largely on the iterative method and the iteration termination criteria and each operating condition requires a unique solution of the analysis. State estimation techniques are also viable alternatives to AC load flow techniques in estimating network bus parameters from a known state but the speed of estimation is comparatively similar to the AC counterpart. However, the justification for the use of DC load flow for quick estimation of transmission line flows as against the AC is that the resulting mismatch is negligible when used for contingency and security analyses. Estimates of transmission line active power flow can be made using linear distribution/sensitivity factors whose result match those of DC load flow. These sensitivity factors: Power Transfer Distribution Factors (PTDF) and Line Outage Distribution Factors (LODF) are calculated and stored for a network and remains valid if the network remains significantly unmodified. With these stored factor from an operating point, post contingency flows may be predicted on any line. In this work, the PTDF and LODF of the Nigerian 330kV of 41 bus were computed and stored from a base case, then post contingency flows were predicted for the 77 transmission lines of the network following contingency in the form of 140MW load shedding at bus 1, 50% generator output reduction at bus 2, 100MW generator output increment at bus 20 and 100MW generator output decrease at bus 25. The result shows that using sensitivity factors to estimate transmission line flow works as validated by the result from load DC load flow technique. Therefore, a quicker, linear and non-iterative method is validated in order to estimate transmission line flows from a known operating point with the slack bus responsible for active power exchanges.

Distribution Factors; Post Contingency Flow; Line Outage; Generator Outage; Transmission Lines; Sensitivity Factors; Nigerian Network


IJTSRD18854
Volume-2 | Issue-6, October 2018
1287-1305
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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