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The Impact of Temperature and Relative Humidity Elevation on Mental Health of In-Patient Admitted Into Jos Teaching Hospital Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

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The Impact of Temperature and Relative Humidity Elevation on Mental Health of In-Patient Admitted Into Jos Teaching Hospital Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria


Jaiyeola O. Paul | Abdullahi Ayegba | Abimaje Okolo Suleiman



Jaiyeola O. Paul | Abdullahi Ayegba | Abimaje Okolo Suleiman "The Impact of Temperature and Relative Humidity Elevation on Mental Health of In-Patient Admitted Into Jos Teaching Hospital Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-2, February 2020, pp.125-136, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd29944.pdf

The paper examined the impact of temperature and relative humidity escalation on mental health of in-patient admitted into Jos Teaching Hospital (JUTH Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. The main independent variables of interest were temperature and relative humidity; we also employed two derived parameters (heat index and overlapping effect) in our analysis in which we used four years (2011-2014) data of psychiatric cases and in-patient that were admitted in the hospital, ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 2073 in-patient that was admitted in the hospital from the year 2011-2014 was sample used for the study. Data collected were analyzed with used of single regression and multiple regression analysis with complex heat index formula. The study found climate parameters (temperature and relative humidity) and their counterpart derived parameters (heat index and overlapping effect) make population vulnerable to the risk of psychiatric cases and do increase the numbers of patient admitted in the JUTH. There were positive association between the numbers of in-patient in the JUTH and those parameters with 41 and 38 critical/acute psychiatric cases due to overlapping and heat index effect respectively. In other word 79 (10.2%) of the total 778-numbers of patient traceable to those parameters were in critical/acute psychiatric condition. Increase in the relative humidity and overlapping made population more vulnerable to the risk of psychiatric cases with approximately equal strength than the heat index and temperature. But the heat index makes more risk than temperature. The vulnerability of population to psychiatric cases was not equally distributed throughout the year 2011-2014. Population response differently to the impact of each parameter throughout those years considered. The effective strength of relative humidity determines the effective strength of the overlapping effect and the effective strength of temperature determine that of the heat index.

Temperature, Relative Humidity, In-patient and psychiatric cases


IJTSRD29944
Volume-4 | Issue-2, February 2020
125-136
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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