Home > Chemistry > Environmental Chemistry > Volume-2 > Issue-4 > Arsenic Contamination of Ground water and Health Risk

Arsenic Contamination of Ground water and Health Risk

Call for Papers

Volume-4 | Issue-3

Last date : 30-Apr-2020

Best International Journal
Open Access | Peer Reviewed | Best International Journal | Indexing & IF | 24*7 Support | Dedicated Qualified Team | Rapid Publication Process | International Editor, Reviewer Board | Attractive User Interface with Easy Navigation

Journal Type : Open Access

First Update : Within 7 Days after submittion

Submit Paper Online

For Author

Research Area


Arsenic Contamination of Ground water and Health Risk


Sanjay Kumar Verma | Dr. Ajay Kr. Upadhyay

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd14125



Sanjay Kumar Verma | Dr. Ajay Kr. Upadhyay "Arsenic Contamination of Ground water and Health Risk" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-4, June 2018, pp.836-842, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd14125.pdf

The arsenic poisoning due to contaminated groundwater in West Bengal, India, and all of Bangladesh has been thought to be limited to the Ganges Delta despite early survey reports of arsenic contamination in groundwater in the Union Territory of Chandigarh and its surroundings in the northwestern Upper Ganga Plain and recent findings in the Terai area of Nepal. Groundwater arsenic contamination and sufferings of people have been reported in 20 countries in different parts of the world. The magnitude is considered highest in five Asian countries and the severity is in order of Bangladesh>India>Mangolia>China>Taiwan. In all these countries, more and more groundwater withdrawal is taking place because of increase in agricultural irrigation. In India Maximum arsenic content was observed in bhojpur (bihar),. The groundwater of Bihar states is affected with arsenic contamination. A long-term environmental planning is essential to blunt the danger from such pollution. Analyses of the arsenic content of 206 tube wells showed that 56.8% exceeded arsenic concentrations of 55 micro g/L, with 19.9% > 300 micro g/L, the concentration predicting overt arsenical skin lesions. On medical examination of a self-selected sample of 150 person, 13% of the adults and 6.3% of the children had typical skin lesions, an unusually high involvement for children, except in extreme exposures combined with malnutrition. The urine, hair, and nail concentrations of arsenic correlated significantly with drinking water arsenic concentrations up to 1,648 micro g/L. On neurologic examination, arsenic-typical neuropathy was diagnosed in 65% of the adults, a prevalence previously seen only in severe, subacute exposures. We also observed an apparent increase in fetal loss and premature delivery in the women with the highest concentrations of arsenic in their drinking water. The possibility of contaminated groundwater at other sites in the Middle and Upper Ganga Plain merits investigation. Arsenic poisoning culminates into potentially fatal diseases like skin and internal cancers. This paper reviews sources, speciation, and mobility of Arsenic and global overview of groundwater contamination. The critically reviews the Arsenic led human health risks, its uptake, metabolism, and toxicity mechanisms. Our research provides an overview of the state-of-the-art knowledge on the alternative Arsenic free drinking water and various technologies (oxidation, coagulation flocculation, adsorption, and microbial) for mitigation of the problem of As contamination of groundwater.

Ground Water, Surface Water, Physico-Chemical Parameters, Arsenic, Health, Ganga, toxic


IJTSRD14125
Volume-2 | Issue-4, June 2018
836-842
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

Thomson Reuters
Google Scholer
Academia.edu

ResearchBib
Scribd.com
archive

PdfSR
issuu
Slideshare

WorldJournalAlerts
Twitter
Linkedin