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Cardiovascular Diseases: Major Mortality Factor in Modern Era

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Cardiovascular Diseases: Major Mortality Factor in Modern Era

Rashmi Kumari

Rashmi Kumari "Cardiovascular Diseases: Major Mortality Factor in Modern Era" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020, pp.472-474, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd31867.pdf

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is the disease of heart and blood vessels which include mainly coronary artery disease (CAD), angina pectoris and myocardial infarction (Heart attack). CVD also include stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart diseases, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, abnormal heart rhythms, congenital heart disease, valvular heart diseases, carditis, arotic aneursysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease, venous thrombosis. But most of the people die due to coronary artery diseases which is due to Atherosclerosis caused by the accumulation of fat in the inner wall of the large and intermediate artery called atheromatous so it prevent from blood flow that leads to blockage. Today it is biggest reason of increase the mortality rate of people worldwide. Some important factor responsible for CVD are Physical inactivity, Food habit, Alcohol consumption and smoking. All these factors cause high level of plasma triglycerides, low level of HDL (high density lipoprotein) and LDL (low density lipoprotein), higher amount of cholesterol deposition in artery. Deposition of cholesterol in artery causes endothelial dysfunction, myocardial infraction, alters insulin sensitivity, blood lipid and lipoprotein profile, body composition, systemic inflammation, increase blood pressure, decreases functional capacity of heart, weakening of the heart muscles which lead to cardiomyopathy and sudden heart failure.

Physical inactivity, Food Habit, Alcohol consumption, Smoking

Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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