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Comparison of the Proximate and Anti-Nutritional Composition of Malted and Un-Malted Seeds of Three Indigenous Seeds for Use as Weaning Food

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Comparison of the Proximate and Anti-Nutritional Composition of Malted and Un-Malted Seeds of Three Indigenous Seeds for Use as Weaning Food


Okafor, J. I. | Umeh, S. O.



Okafor, J. I. | Umeh, S. O. "Comparison of the Proximate and Anti-Nutritional Composition of Malted and Un-Malted Seeds of Three Indigenous Seeds for Use as Weaning Food" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-6 | Issue-1, December 2021, pp.600-607, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd47863.pdf

Proximate and anti-nutritional composition of some selected seed flours; Corn (Zea mays Everta), Bambara nut (Vigna subterreanea.L.Verdc) and Soybeans (Glycine max) were carried out before and after malting as potential raw materials for weaning. The seeds were cleaned separately of dirt and extraneous materials. Forty grams of each seed was weighed and divided into 2 equal parts. The first part was malted by steeping and germinating then dried at 60OC for 28hrs, milled and sieved into flour. The second part, raw seeds (un-malted) were also milled into flour separately and each assessed for proximate and anti-nutritional composition. The results showed that the proximate content of the on-malted seeds ranged from; carbohydrates (33.83±0.81 to 77.19±0.17%), protein (11.66±1.02 to 33.25±0.00%), crude fat (4.20±0.57 to 6.10±0.64%) and ash (2.43±0.04 to 6.63±1.24%), while the malted seeds contained 56.53±1.52 to 68.08±0.47 carbohydrates, 11.38±0.39 to 16.63±1.24% protein, 4.10±1.14 to 9.90±0.14% crude fat and 4.23±0.39 to 5.05±0.00% ash. The carbohydrate and fat content of bambara nut and soy beans reduced after malting. Soybeans contained the highest crude fat both in raw and malted flour. Malted bambara nut contained the highest protein while corn contained the highest carbohydrates. Anti-nutrients such as tannin, phytate, oxalate, trypsin inhibitor and saponnin found in un-malted seeds reduced after malting. The study showed that these seeds when malted and used or their flours combined in various proportions could yield desirable quality weaning food capable of supplying nutrients required for infant growth and development.

Proximate composition, Anti-nutrients, selected seeds, malting, un-malted seeds


IJTSRD47863
Volume-6 | Issue-1, December 2021
600-607
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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