Home > Biological Science > Microbiology > Volume-4 > Issue-5 > Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Blood Culture Isolates among Septicemia Suspected Patients in the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé, Cameroon

Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Blood Culture Isolates among Septicemia Suspected Patients in the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé, Cameroon

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Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Blood Culture Isolates among Septicemia Suspected Patients in the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé, Cameroon


Jude Tsafack Zefack | Ngwa Fabrice Ambe | Tanyi Pride Bobga | Ateh Stanislas Ketum | Derick Ngwa Awambeng | Chi Nicsen Kelly | Zuo Beltus Fuh | Mafany Efange Henry Velinge | Mentoh Ajem Abungwi | Benjamin Pokam Thumamo



Jude Tsafack Zefack | Ngwa Fabrice Ambe | Tanyi Pride Bobga | Ateh Stanislas Ketum | Derick Ngwa Awambeng | Chi Nicsen Kelly | Zuo Beltus Fuh | Mafany Efange Henry Velinge | Mentoh Ajem Abungwi | Benjamin Pokam Thumamo "Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Blood Culture Isolates among Septicemia Suspected Patients in the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé, Cameroon" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020, pp.551-559, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd31281.pdf

BACKGROUND: Septicemia constitutes a significant public health problem and it is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients especially in children and neonates in developing countries, where identification of the germ and treatment is usually unsatisfactory. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among septicemia suspected patients in the University teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a hospital based cross sectional study that was carried out for a period of 4 months among septicemia suspected hospitalized patients in the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Yaoundé. Standard procedure was followed for blood sample collection, isolation, identifications and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The data were analyzed by using EPI info and SPSS. RESULTS: Out of 255 blood culture results, 65 (25.5%) had septicemia. The predominant bacteria isolated from blood culture were Coagulase negative staphylococci 42 (64.6%), followed by Klebiesellaspp 8 (12.3%), E. coli 7(10.8%), Acinetobacterspp 4 (6.2%) and Streptococcus spp. 2 (3.1%) S. aureus 1 (1.5%) and Enterobacterspp 1 (1.5%). The Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria constituted 45(69.2%) and 20(30.8%) of the culture isolates respectively. Children between the ages of 0 -15 years constituted the greatest percentage of infected subjects (28.4%) (P >0.05). The highest incidence of septicemia were from pediatric ward 25 (30.9%) and neonatal ward 24 (26.1%). There was a significant association between septicemia and the body temperature of the patient (P?=?0.0272). Our finding, indicates that Gram negative bacteria exhibited a greater level of antimicrobial resistance (12.5%– 87.5%) than Gram positive bacteria (2.4% – 50%) to various antibacterial agents used in the study. CONCLUSION: The consequences of using an ineffective drug in severe bacterial infections could be disastrous as this can complicate management and increase morbidity and mortality

Septicemia, Antimicrobial Sensitivity, Cameroon, Blood Culture


IJTSRD31281
Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020
551-559
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development - IJTSRD having online ISSN 2456-6470. IJTSRD is a leading Open Access, Peer-Reviewed International Journal which provides rapid publication of your research articles and aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more and it is recommended by all Universities, review articles and short communications in all subjects. IJTSRD running an International Journal who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals. IJTSRD is a fastest growing and dynamic professional organization. The aim of this organization is to provide access not only to world class research resources, but through its professionals aim to bring in a significant transformation in the real of open access journals and online publishing.

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