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Variations Encountered in Umbilical Cord Insertion in Human Placentae from a Tertiary Care Hospital

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Variations Encountered in Umbilical Cord Insertion in Human Placentae from a Tertiary Care Hospital


Dr. Neelima. P | Dr. R. Ravi Sunder



Dr. Neelima. P | Dr. R. Ravi Sunder "Variations Encountered in Umbilical Cord Insertion in Human Placentae from a Tertiary Care Hospital" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020, pp.1671-1674, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd33245.pdf

Umbilical cord shows variations in its insertion at the placenta. This reflects the underlying modifications of fetal circulation in the intrauterine life. Knowledge regarding the prevalence of variations in the umbilical cord insertion is essential for obstetricians and peadiatricians to predict the developmental abnormalities in fetal circulation. The present study was done to evaluate the various types of umbilical cord insertions encountered in the human placentae delivered in a tertiary care hospital. 80 placentae with umbilical cords were collected for 6 months from the hospital with the concerned permissions. They were washed thoroughly and fixed in 10% formalin for preservation. Each placenta was observed carefully for the umbilical cord insertion. The results were analysed and represented graphically. There were no considerable knots observed in the stumps of the cords. All the cords had normal three vessels on cross-section i.e., two umbilical arteries and one umbilical vein. When the patterns of insertions were examined, 71% showed normal central insertion, 29% were abnormal where 19% marginal, 7% furcate and 3% exhibited velamentous insertion. When compared with other studies, they correlated. The present study depicts the various abnormal types of umbilical cord insertions from the human placentae collected from a tertiary care hospital.

Umbilical cord, velamentous insertion, placentae


IJTSRD33245
Volume-4 | Issue-5, August 2020
1671-1674
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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