<b>Assessing the Impact of Agricultural Pesticides Balancing Productivity and Environmental Sustainability</b> The environmental effects of pesticides describe the broad series of consequences of using pesticides. The unintended consequences of pesticides is one of the main drivers of the negative impact of modern industrial agriculture on the environment. Pesticides, because they are toxic chemicals meant to kill pest species, can affect non target species, such as plants, animals and humans. Over 98 of sprayed insecticides and 95 of herbicides reach a destination other than their target species, because they are sprayed or spread across entire agricultural fields. 1 Other agrochemicals, such as fertilizers, can also have negative effects on the environment. The negative effects of pesticides are not just in the area of application. Runoff and pesticide drift can carry pesticides into distant aquatic environments or other fields, grazing areas, human settlements and undeveloped areas. Other problems emerge from poor production, transport, storage and disposal practices. 2 Over time, repeat application of pesticides increases pest resistance, while its effects on other species can facilitate the pest s resurgence. 3 Alternatives to heavy use of pesticides, such as integrated pest management, and sustainable agriculture techniques such as polyculture mitigate these consequences, without the harmful toxic chemical application. pesticides, impact, agricultural, productivity, environmental, sustainability, agrochemicals, resistance 1805-1820 Issue-1 Volume-2 Dr. Anjul Singh