<b>The Dynamics of Relationship between Colonial Modernity and Education in Kerala</b> The foundation of modern education was laid down in Kerala as part of the colonial discourse. It is necessary to understand the dynamics of relationship between education and colonialism. The development of education under colonial rule was to legitimize their domination and to serve their own economic needs. Education in Kerala was designed by the colonial plans. Economic, political and cultural control over the subjected society was essential for the survival of colonial rule and education was used to achieve this goal. Attempts were made to develop, through education, a new set of values and justification of the colonial rule. As a result, education of Kerala loses its traditional and independent identity and becomes subordinate to political power. modernity, colonialism, social transformation, malayali identity 22-27 Issue-5 Volume-7 Dr. Rekha P