Study and Assessment on Rural Development Programme in India
Rural development has remained at the centre stage of national development in India. But poverty has persisted despite our efforts to tackle it since independence. Rural development focuses upon the development of the sections of rural economies, that experience serious poverty issues and effectively aims at developing their productivity. It also emphasises the need to address various pressing issues of village economies that hinder growth and improve these areas. The Government of India has lunched number of schemes for development of rural areas. The rural India facing the major problems of housing, absence of infrastructure in villages and towns to village connectivity by all weather roads and absence of employment opportunities in villages. This paper is to study the Government of India has announced, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act MGNREGA to provide employment to rural people Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yoiana PMGSY to build roads, and Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yoiana Gramin PMAY G scheme is to provide houses. These 3 important schemes are play main role in rural development of India. The study reveals that against the target of 1.00 crore houses to be constructed by March 2019, 44.54 lakh houses have been constructed during 2017 18 under PMAY G scheme. The pace of construction of PMGSY roads reached an eight year high of 134 kilometre per day in 2017 18 as against an average of 73 Kilometres during the period 2011 to 2014. Hence, the pace of construction has increased by 93 . MGNREGA has provided employment to 5.12 crore households by generating more than 234.25 crore person days of wage employment covering 177 lakh works during FY 2017 18.
PMAY G, PMGSY, MGNREGA, Rural development
Anima Kumari | Dr. K. C. Jha