<b>Anatomical Explanation of “Mayurasana”</b> The word Yoga comes from the Sanskrit word Yuj meaning to yoke, join or unite. It implies joining or integrating all aspects of the individual body with mind, and mind with soul to achieve a balanced and healthy life. Yoga is performed through some specific postures called Asana. Among the eight limbs of Yoga, the yogic technique properly begins at the third limb that is the Asana. Asana means a state in which one can remain physically and mentally steady, calm, quiet and comfortable. Patanjali defines Asana as ‘Sthirasukhatvam” in Yogasutra which can be translated as Stable and pleasurable state of body is called Asana. “Mayurasana” was described as one of the 32 most important Asana in Gheranda Samhita. The name “Mayurasana” comes from Sanskrit words “Mayura” meaning peacock and Asana meaning posture. Hence the posture in which the body of the practitioner is shaped like a peacock is called Mayurasana. In this article anatomical structures involved in the “Mayurasana” and how this involvement is beneficial in maintaining the health or in management of any disease is explained. Yoga, Asana, Anatomy, Joint, Muscle, Mayurasana 5-8 Issue-2 Volume-4 Dr. Somlata Jadoun | Dr. Sunil Kumar Yadav