Evaluation of Prescribing Patterns of Antibiotics in General Medicine Ward in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Knowledge about antibiotic utilization and resistance patterns of most common microorganisms are unavailable in tertiary care hospitals. To assess the pattern of antibiotic utilization and outcome of patients in a General Medical Ward, all positive blood cultures BC over a 4 month period from July 2019 to October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty five positive BC were recorded in which patients 43 males and 22 females . 72 of the patients received antibiotics before or soon after obtaining the BC, and ceftriaxone was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic 41.93 , either alone or in combination with other antibiotics. The bacteraemia was due to gram positive cocci in 60.46 of cases, gram negative rods in 30.23 , and gram positive rods in 9.30 . Positive BC due to contamination was not included. The most common gram positive cocci were Staphylococcus epidermidis, followed by S. aureus, while the most common gram negative bacilli were Brucella species, Proteus mirabilis, and Klebsiella sp. The suspected sources of the bacteraemia were respiratory 21.2 , urinary 19.2 , or skin 19.2 . A subsequent change in the antibiotics regimen was done in 69.76 cases after BC results became available with no apparent effect on the outcome. Adding Cefotaxime, Amoxicillin clavulonic acid, piperacillintazobactum, vancomycin and clindamycin was the most frequent change done 19.4 for each equally . Complications developed in 69.76 of patients, with 88.66 of them suffering from sepsis shock. 69.23 of the patients improved and 30.77 expired death was related to infection in 87.5 of cases. In conclusion, most bacteremia in the medical ward of the hospital were due to gram positive cocci, which should be considered in antibiotic selection prior to BC.
Antibiotic, resistance, sensitivity, blood culture, medical, utilization
Vageeshwari Devuni | Debabrata Chaudhary