Treating Migraine Ardhavbhedaka with Ayurveda A Single Case Study
Migraine is one of the most common neurovascular disabling disorders encountered in Shalakya practice. Migraine can be defined as a paroxysmal affection having a sudden onset accompanied by usually unilateral severe headache. In Ayurveda, Migraine is described as Ardhaavabhedhaka which is a major health issue among people of age group 20 to 50 years. According to WHO, migraine is the third most common disease in the world with an estimated global prevalence of 14.7 around 1 in 7 people .1 Chronic Migraine affects about 2 of world population2 with female and male ratio 3 1.3 The attack gives warning before it strikes black spots or a brilliant zigzag line appears before the eyes or the patient has blurring of vision or halos around the light, this type of headache is called headache with aura. It is also called as “sick headache” because nausea and vomiting occasionally accompany the excruciating pain which lasts for 4 to 5 hours. Ayurveda believes in treating the disease at its root cause from within. The present article is a case report of 27 years old male who visited ENT OPD at SDM college of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka with a known case of migraine since 6 years. The patient was treated with Ayurvedic managements both sodhana and shamana chikitsa, under IPD and then OPD basis for 2 months. The patient experienced no attack of migraine even within 2 months of interval. This helps to achieve complete curative and prophylactic management of migraine through Ayurveda. This article may aid a new treatment option among practitioners of new era where there is no permanent cure for migraine.
Migraine, Ardhavabhedhaka, Shodhana and Shamana chikitsa
Dr. Shyam Kumar Sah | Dr. Deeraj Bc | Ashwini Mj