<b>Municipal Solid Waste and its Management A Study on Varanasi City </b> The main aim of this research is to find out the status of municipal solid waste generation and its composition along with the relationship of economic condition of different inhabitants with per capita of waste composition in Varanasi, the most crowded city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Municipal Solid waste MSW is a heterogeneous in composition and varied from place to place. Increasing population levels as well as rapid economic growth and rise in living standard of people speeded the generation rate of municipal solid waste in metropolitan cities of India. The objective of this paper is to providing an insight of the stages of waste management i.e. Prevention, Minimization, Recycle, Reuse, Energy recovery, Disposal and its composition and amount in order to improve the current solid waste management practice of Varanasi municipality and also to provides a further insight of feasibility and aids of adopting segregation at source and decentralization of solid waste management in order to provide better future. Research data is gathered from preliminary field investigation, questionnaire survey and face to face interview which show that with population of around 11,98,491 1 waste generated is 593TPD which comprises of food waste 29.6 , followed by plastic 18 , paper and cardboard 12.8 , textile 8.5 , rubber and leather 5.7 , bulk waste 9.6 metal 2.8 other 5.7 . Since about 15 nearly 80 ton of compost is produced from an average of 500 600 metric ton which is sold at Rs.1,000 per ton if decentralization and segregation of waste at its generation point is done effectively it would be sold at Rs.415 per ton result in better standard of living society . out of 593 TPD waste only nearly 350 TPD which would lead to dispose much less amount then current scenario as a result reduction in GHGs emission and lead to creation of safe environment. Thus on the basis of above research we can conclude that solid waste management and recycling a major issue of Varanasi district and with proper segregation and decentralization of solid waste we can reuse and recycle various kind of waste depending upon nature of waste. As a result less amount of waste need to be disposed which further lead to reduction of greenhouse gas emission and thus would help to lower down carbon footprint. MSW, SWM, VMC, TPD, MT 1914-1918 Issue-4 Volume-2 Shubham Varshney | Dr. Bharat Nagar