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An Empirical Study of Shifting Cultivation in Kombo Jinyo Village under West Siang Region of Arunachal Pradesh

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An Empirical Study of Shifting Cultivation in Kombo Jinyo Village under West Siang Region of Arunachal Pradesh


Margum Ado | Marpi Bagra

https://doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd19014



Margum Ado | Marpi Bagra "An Empirical Study of Shifting Cultivation in Kombo Jinyo Village under West Siang Region of Arunachal Pradesh" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-1, December 2018, pp.496-503, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19014.pdf

Jhum cultivation or shifting/swidden cultivation is prevalent since ancient time. It plays an important role for providing livelihood and food security to many people in hilly areas where the other opportunity of cultivation is not feasible. For Jhumias (Jhum cultivators) the importance of shifting cultivation goes beyond mere economic concerns. Jhum crops are adjusted to local condition and chemical for pests/diseases control is not required. Traditionally, Jhumias specially belong to hilly region are totally dependent on Jhum cultivation because Jhum fields are source for many food and non-food crops which helps farmer to maintain their livelihood. Earlier Jhum was only for subsistence purpose, even in present era the output from Jhum is extremely limited and various programmes & policies implemented by Government is unsatisfactory, but Jhumias are sustaining its livelihood by changing its cropping pattern and land use management. Shifting cultivation is connected to local and regional commodity where cultivator are increasingly integrated to cash crops that are traded locally, regionally which provide resources to themselves and to the society. In the current era deforestation is a challenging one and Jhum cultivation is prevalent in study area. But we cannot incriminate such practice as a sole responsible for deforestation.

Jhum/Shifting/swidden cultivation, Jhumias, Kombo Jinyo, Transition, Cash crop and deforestation.


IJTSRD19014
Volume-3 | Issue-1, December 2018
496-503
IJTSRD | www.ijtsrd.com | E-ISSN 2456-6470
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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